STEREO PHOTO'S OF EUROPEAN ORCHIDS

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01

        

  Aceras anthropophora

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

        

                   Man Orchid

  Distribution:   Europa

  Flowering period: March (south) till June (north)

  Habitat:   Chalky soils, light woods and maquis     

 

 

02

  Anacamptis laxiflora

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Loose-flowered orchid

  DistributionVerspreiding: West, Zuid en Zuid-Oost Europa

  Flowering period: April and May

  Habitat: marshy meadows, reedlands Chalky slopes

 

 

03

  Anacamptis pyramidalis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Pyramidal Orchid

  Distribution:  Europe with the exception of the North

  Flowering period:   march in the Sout till early June in teh North

  Habitat:  Roadside, woodside and dry meadows

 

 

04

  Barlia robertiana

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Giant Orchid

  Distribution:  Mediteranean

  Bloeiperiode:  January till May

  Habitat  Roadsides and Meadows.    

 

 

  CEPHALANTHERA

 

05

  Cephalanthera damasonium

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      White Helleborine

  Distribution:  Europa with excaeption of North Scandinavia.

  Flowering period:  May to July.

  Habitat:   Shaded woods, especially beech, sometimes coniferous.

 

 

06

  Cephalanthera epipactoides

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Cephalanthera epipactoides

  Distribution:  Eastern Greece Isles, Western Turkey.

  Flowering period:  April till June.

  Habitat:   Maquis, open woods, pour soil.     

 

 

07

  Cephalanthera longfolia

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Narrow-leaved Helleborine

  Distibution:  All of Europe except the North.

  Flowering period:  April (South), May, June, July (North)

  Habitat:   Lime and Loss soils, in forest and in open spots, moist.

 

 

08

  Cephalanthera rubra

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Red Helleborine

  Distribution:  All of Europ except England and North Europe.

  Flowering period:  May (South), June, July

  Habitat:   Lime and Loss soils, woods.

 

 

 

            End of Cephalanthera

 

09

  Corallorhiza trifida

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Early Coralroot

  Distribution: Europe, except atl. coast and mediterranean coast. North Eng. en Icel.

  Flowering period: May, June, in the mountains July

  Habitat: Humus-rich soil, also Sphagnum

 

 

10

  Cypripedium calceolus

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Lady's-slipper Orchid,

  Distribution: Sweden, Pyrenees to eastern Europe, not in N.W. and S. Europe

  Flowering period: May, June, in the mountains: July

  Habitat: In the shade, in wood, also in swamps

 

 

 

 DACTYLORHIZA

 

11

  Dactylorhiza elodes

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Dactylorhiza elodes

  Distribution: North and West Europe.

  Flowering period: End May till July.

  Habitat:  Wet moors and marshes.    Too blue: 

 

 

12

  Dactylorhiza fuchsii

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  Frontal

  Flower  Sideways

                  Common spotted Orchid

  Distribution: Europe

  Flowering period: June, July

  Habitat In the shade, woods, under shrubs roadsides.     

 

 

13

   Dactylorhiza incarnata ssp coccinea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  Sideways     

  Dactylorhiza incarnata ssp lobelii

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Early marsh Orchid

  Distribution: Frisian islands, dune areas Zuid Holland, Zeeland

  Flowering period May, June

  Habitat:  Wet, calcareous dune valleys.     

 

 

14

  Dactylorhiza lapponica

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Lapland marsch Orchid

  Distribution: North of Norway, Sweden and Finland

  Flowering period: Mid June, July

  Habitat:  Marsches and moors

 

 

15

  Dactylorhiza maculata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Heath spotted Orchid

  Distribution: Europe, except South-East

  Flowering period: End of April till August

  Habitat:  Acidic soils in marsches, heath and moors and wet meadows     

 

 

16

  Dactylorhiza majalis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Western marsh Orchid

  Distribution: Europe except South Spain, Italy and Greece

  Flowering period: May and June

  Habitat:  Wet meadows, weakly acidic to basic, lowland and mountains

 

  Dactylorhiza majalis

  ssp. alpestris

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

                      Alpine Western marsh Orchid

  Distribution: Alps

  Flowering period: June and July

  Habitat: Higher Alms, very wet, sunny, > 1000 meter

 

 

17

  Dactylorhiza praetermissa

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Southern marsh Orchid

  Distribution: North-West Europe

  Flowering period: June, July

  Habitat:  Wet reetlands and moist meadows    

 

 

18

   Dactylorhiza romana

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  Sideways

                       Roman Dactylorhiza

  Distribution: Mediterranean territory except South France

  Flowering period: March and April

  Habitat: Grassy hillside meadows and woods.    

 

 

19

   Dactylorhiza sambucina  yellow

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Elder-flowered Orchid

  Distribution: Nearly all of Europ, except Holl. Bel. and isles mediterranean.

  Flowering period: April and May

  Habitat:  (Caulk) hillside meadows and open woods.

   Dactylorhiza sambucina  red

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

 

 

20

 Dactylorhiza traunsteineri

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Dactylorhiza traunsteineri

  Distribution: Ireland, central and N.E. Europe

  Flowerring period: June en July

  Habitat:  Wet hillside meadows, acid soils in swamps and moores

 

 

21

   Dactylorhiza viride

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Dactylorhiza viride

  Distribution: Europe

  Flowering period: May till August

  Habitat: bergweidenMountain meadows, short vegetation, caulk areas

 

 

                End of Dactylorhiza

     EPIPACTIS

 

22

  Epipactis atrorubens

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Dark-red Helleborine

  Distribution: Europe except Finland.

  Flowering period:  end of May till start of August

  Habitat: All kinds of terrain; dry grounds and meadows, open woods.      

 

 

23

  Epipactis helleborine

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Broad-leaved helleborine

  Distribution: Europe except Finland.

  Flowering period: End of June till september

  Habitat: Op allerlei terreinen; vaak lichte bossen.     

 

 

24

  Epipactis microphylla

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Small-leaved Helleborine

  Distribution: South and middle Europe except Atl. coast.

  Flowering peiod: May till early August

  Habitat:  open woods and rocky slopes.     

 

 

25

  Epipactis palustris

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Marsh helleborine

  Distribution: Europe except far South and North

  Flowering period: June till August

  Habitat:   Wet soils.     

 

 

 

               End Epipactis

 

26

  Epipogium aphyllum

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Spurred Coral-root

  Distribution: Europe except the West and extreme South

  Flowering period: July and August

  Habitat:   in peat moss, pritty dark pine/beechforest.

  Details: very rare and unpredictable

 

 

27

 

 

  Goodyera repens  

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                 Creeping lady's-tresses

  Distribution: Europe except the Mediterranean.

  Flowering period: July and August

  Habitat:  Humus needles, moss layer, heath, moist

  Special: very sensitive for the habitat

 

 

 

   GYMNADENIA

 

28

  Gymnadenia albida ssp albida

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

                      Small white orchid

  Distribution: Norway, the Alps, Pyrenees and Carpathians

  Flowering period: May till August

  Habitat: Mountains till 2500 m.

  Gymnadenia albida ssp tricuspis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

 

 

29

  Gymnadenia conopsea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Fragrant orchid

  Distribution: Europe

  Flowering period: May till August

  Habitat: half open areas

  See also: Albiflora.

  Gymnadenia conospea ssp friesica

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

           Duinmuggen orchis ssp friesica

  Distribution: Isles of the Wadden, Holland

  Flowering period: May till August

  Habitat:   Open valleys in the dunes.     

 

 

30

  Gymnadenia corneliana

  Plant

  Spike

                    Vanilla orchid, corneliana

  Distribution: France, Savoie, Hautes Alpes

  Flowering period: Half July, beginning of August.

  Habitat: Wet Calcareous Alp pastures, between 2000 and 2300 meter

  Particularities: Flower does not turn; lip remains directed upwards

 

 

31

  Gymnadenia Nigra

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Black vanilla orchid

  Distribution: Only Central Sweden and Norwyy

  Flowering period: July

  Habitat: Full sun, calcareous pastures

  Particularities: Flower does not turn; lip remains directed upwards

 

 

32

  Gymnadenia rhellicani

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Gymandenia rhellicani

  Distribution: The Alps to the Carpathians

  Flowering period: End of July till mid August.

  Habitat: Full sun, calcareous Alp pastures, between 2000 and 2800 meter.

  Particularities: Flower does not turn; lip remains directed upwards

 

 

 

 

            End of Gymnadenia

 

33

  Hammarbya paludosa

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Bog orchid

  Distribution: North, middle and East Europ, except realy North Noorden

  Flowering period: July and August

  Habitat:  Swamps, quaking bogs, wet moores

 

 

34

  Herminium monorchis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

              Musk orchid

  Distribution: Europe, not in the South, West and North

  Flowering period: June till August

  Habitat:  dry and wet meadows.     

 

 

35

  Himantoglossum hircinum

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Lizard orchid

  Distribution: Central and South Europe

  Flowering period: South: May, Central: August

  Biotoop: Calcareous grounds, open woods, dunes

 

 

36

  Liparis loeselii

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Fen orchid

  Distribution:&bsbp;Holland, Belgium and Germany

  Flowering period: June till August

  Habitat:  Wet valleys of the dunes, swamps and moores.     

 

 

37

   Limodorum abortivum

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Violet Limodore

  Distribution: Central and South Europe

  Flowering period: April till July

  Habitat: calcareous grounds.     

 

 

38

  Listera cordata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Lesser twayblade

  Distribution: Europe, except Mediterrenan

  Flowering period May till August

  Habitat: humus of needles in pine forests and swamps.     

 

 

39

  Listera ovata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Common Twayblade

  Distribution: Europe, except far South

  Flowering period: May till August

  Habitat: Everywhere, manytimes woods.     

 

 

40

  Neotinea lactea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Neotinea lactea

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: February till April

  Habitat: Dry graslands and maquis

 

 

41

  Neotinea maculata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Dense-flowered Orchid

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: Mid March till mid April

  Habitat:  Open pine forests and maquis

 

 

42

  Neottia nidus avidus

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Bird's-nest orchid

  Distribution: Europe except far North

  Flowering period: May till July

  Habitat: woods, forest edges, loose, humus-rich soil

 

 

 

      OPHRYS

 

43

  Ophrys apifera

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Bee orchid

  Distribution: Europe, except the North

  Flowering period: April in the South, June everywhere else

  Habitat:  Bushes, chalk slopes, semi wet meadows.    

 

 

 

 Ophrys Araniferae sectie

             

44

  Ophrys archipelagi

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Ophrys archipelagi

  Distribution: Around the Adriatic Sea

  Flowering period: March till April

  Habitat:  Chalk terrain, (half) sunny.

  Bijzonderheden:  Local and rare

 

 

 

45

  Ophrys argolica ssp. biscutella

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Ophrys argolica ssp. biscutella

  Distribution: around the Adriatic sea

  Flowering period: April till May

  Habitat:  chalk slopes, short gras, open wood.     

 

 

46

  Ophrys garganica

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Ophrys garganica

  Distribution: Spain, Italy

  Flowering period: March, April

  Habitat: Maquis, open woods.     

 

 

47

  Ophrys incubacea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Ophrys incubacea

  Distribution: Mediteranean

  Flowering period: March and April

  Habitat: meadows, maquis

 

 

48

  Ophrys mammosa

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Ophrys mammosa

  Distribution: Greece, Turkey(coast), Lebanon

  Flowering period March, April

  Habitat:  Pine forests, maquis, calcareous soil

 

 

49

  Ophrys sphegodes

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Early spider-orchid

  Distribution: South England, France, Germany and Mediteranean Area

  Flowering Period: March till half May, North: May till half June

  Habitat:  calcareous soil, open meadows

 

 

50

   Ophrys virescens

  Plant

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Ophrys Virescens

  Distribution: Mediteranean area

  Flowering period: April tot juni

  Habitat: meadows, thicket and forest edges

 

 

Eind Sphegodes

Ophrys Fuciflora section

Bumblebee section

51

   Ophrys apulica

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Ophrys apulica

  Distribution: Central and South Italy

  Flowering period: April and May

  Habitat:  Thicker, deserted meadows, uncultivated grounds.    

 

 

52

  Ophrys chiosica

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Ophrys chiosica

  Distribution: South Chios 

  Flowering period: End April, May

  Habitat: Maquis

 

 

53

  Ophrys holocericea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Late spider-orchid

  Distribution: Europe except the Netherlands and Scandinavia

  Flowering period: End March in the South till May in the North

  Habitat:  Maquis and dry chalk hillside grassland

 

 

54

  Ophrys homeri

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Ophrys homeri

  Distribution: Chios Greece

  Flowering period: April and May

  Habitat:  Maquis, calcareous soil

 

 

55

  Ophrys lacaitae

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Ophrys lacaitae

  Distribution: South Italy

  Flowering period: April and May

  Habitat:  Maquis, meadows and open woods

 

 

56

  Ophrys oxyrrhynchos

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Ophrys oxyrrhynchos

  Distribution: Sicily and exstremely rare in South Italy. In general: very rare.

  Flowering period: March, April and May

  Habtat: Maquis and calcareous meadows

 

 

 

End Fuciflora

 

57

  Ophrys bertolonii

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Bertoloni's Bee Orchid

  Distribution: Italy and the mediteranean coast of Spain, France and Yugoslavia.

  Flowering period: End March, April, May

  Habitat:  Lime and clay, grassy and dry meadows. Also open woods.     

 

 

58

   Ophrys bertoloniiformis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Ophrys bertholoniiformis

  Distribution:: Gargano mountains, Italy.

  Flowering period: End March, April, May

  Habitat:  Lime and clay, meadows. Also open woods.           

 

 

59

   Ophrys bombyliflora

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Bumblebee orchid

  Distribution: around the Mediterranean Sea

  Flowering period: March, April, half May

  Habitat:  short grass meadows, open forests

 

 

60

  Ophrys bremifera

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Ophrys bremifera

  Distribution: Gargano mountains Italy, Greece and Turkey

  Flowering period: May and June

  Habitat: open forest

 

 

 

Ophrys Fusca section

 

61

  Ophrys bilunulata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Ophrys bilunulata

 Distrubution: Spain, Italy

 Flowering period: March, April

 Biotoop:  Maquis, open forests.     

 

 

62

  Ophrys fusca

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Dark bee-orchid

  Distribution: Spain, Italy;

  Flowering period: March, April

  Habitat:  Maquis, open woods.     

 

 

63

  Ophrys omegaifera

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Ophrys omegaifera

  Distribution: Aegean isles and SW Turkey

  Flowering period: Mid March till mid April

  Habitat:  Open pine forests, maquis, sometimes meadows

 

 

64

  Ophrys sitiaca

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Ophrys sitiaca

  Distribution: Aegeian ilsles and W Turkey

  Flowering period: Mid February till end March

  Habitat:  Open pine forests, maquis, sometime meadows

 

 

65

  Ophrys subfusca ssp. flameola

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Ophrys subfusca ssp. flameola

  Distribution: Sicily, Italy

  Flowering period: March and April

  Biotoop: Grassy plaines, acid soil

 

 

 

End Fusca section

 

66

  Ophrys gottfriediana

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Ophrys gottfriediana

  Distribution: Greece

  Flowering period: mid March till mid April

  Habitat:  open pine forests, maquis, meadows.

 

 

67

  Ophrys insectifera

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                              Fly Orchid

  Distribution: Europe, except Mediterranean area and the North

  Flowering period: May till July

  Habitat:  Till 1500 m, meadows, pine- en beechforests, calcareous soil.

 

 

68

  Ophrys lunulata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                           Moon orchid

  Distribution: Sicily, Sardinia, Calabria and Apulia

  Flowering period: March, April

  Habitat:  Alkaline soils, herbaceous vegetation.

 

 

69

  Ophrys lutea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                             Yellow bee orchid

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: March till early May

  Habitat: Maquis and meadows

 

 

70

  Ophrys mastoricum

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Ophrys mastoricum

  Distribution: Chios Greece

  Flowering period: April and May

  Habitat:  Maquis, calcarous soils.    

 

 

71

   Ophrys neglecta

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower

                         Ophrys neglecta

  Distribution: South Italy, Corsica Sardinia; local and quite rare.

  Flowering period: March till June

  Habitat: Open limestone areas, dry and wet.

 

 

72

  Ophrys pseudoscolopax

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Ophrys pseudoscolopax

  Distribution: South of France

  Flowering periuod: April till end May

  Habitat:  calcareous, quite open soil, road sides      

 

 

73

   Ophrys reinholdii

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Ophrys reinholdii

  Distribution: Rhodos. Rare: East Mediterranean

  Flowering period: mid March till end April

  Habitat:  Maquis, open forests, calcareous soil

 

 

74

   Ophrys rhodia

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                         Ophrys rhodia

  Distribution: Aegeian isles and Cyprus

  Flowering period: ende March till end April

  Habitat:   Maquis, roadsides, gras

 

 

75

  Ophrys scolopax

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Woodcock bee-orchid

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: March, April, in the North: May

  Habitat:  Calcareous or clay soil, grassy or stony

 

 

76

  Ophrys scolopax cornuta

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Ophrys scolopax cornuta

  Distribution: Gargano Italy and Eastern Mediterranean

  Flowering period: April, May and June

  Habitat:  Maquis, meadows, hillsides

 

 

77

  Ophrys sicula

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Ophrys Sicula

  Distribution: South Italy and East Mediterranean

  Bloeiperiode: March, April and May

  Habitat:  Maquis, dry meadows, calcareous soil     

 

 

78

   Ophrys speculum

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Mirror orchid

  Distribution: Sicily, Sardinia and mid Italy, rare.

  Flowering period: March, April

  Habitat:  Maquis, open forests, calcareous soil

 

 

79

  Ophrys tenthredinifera

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                         Sawfly orchid

  Distribution: Spain, Portugal Italy, Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Greece, SW Turkey.

  Flowering period: March, April, May.

  Habitat:  Chalc and clay, meadows. also open woods.     

 

 

End Ophrys

ORCHIS

 

80

  Orchis anatolica

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Anatolian Orchid

  Distribution: Greek isles, Middle east.

  Flowering period: March, April and May.

  Habitat:  calcareous soil.    

 

 

81

  Orchis brancifortii

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Orchis brancifortii

  Distribution: Sardinia en Sicily, local

  Flowering period: April, May

  Habitat:  Dry, calcareous soil     

 

 

82

  Orchis champagneuxii

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Orchis champagneuxii

 Distribution: South, mid and East Spain, Provence, Liguria.

 Flowering period: March, April till mid May.

 Habitat:  Maquis and meadows calcareous soil. rare     

 

 

83

  Orchis collina

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Hill Orchid

  Distribution: Rare in Mediterranean area, more on Crete and Malta

  Flowering period: February till April

  Habitat:  Hills, maquis, stony slopes, neglected orchards

  Zie ook: Albiflora.

 

 

84

  Orchis coriophora

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Bug orchid

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Bloeiperiode: May till June

  Habitat:  open forests, nutrient poor meadows

 

 

85

  Orchis italica

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Italian Orchid

  Distribution: Mediteranean area

  Flowering period: April till May

  Habitat:  calcareous soils, stony meadows, light shadow.     

 

 

86

  Orchis longicornu

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Orchis longicornu

 Distribution: North Afrika, Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, south Italy, south Portugal

 Flowering period: February till start of May

 Habitat:  Open woods, slope grasslands and maquis

 

 

87

  Orchis mascula

  ssp mascula

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Early-purple orchid

 Distribution: Nearly everywhere in Europe West of mid Bavaria

 Floweing period: April till July

 Habitat:  clay soil, open woods, thicket

  Orchis mascula

  ssp signifera

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Gracious early-purple orchid

  Distribution: Europe East of mid Bavaria

  Flowering period: June en July

  Habitat:  Grassy Chalkhills  

 

 

88

  Orchis militaris

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Military orchid

  Distribution: Europe; less around the Mediterranean

  Flowering period: April till June (juli)

  Habitat:  In the sun, nutrient-poor meadows.     

 

 

89

   Orchis morio

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Green-veined orchid

  Distribution: Europe except far north

  Flowering period: March till June, depending upon latitude

  Habitat:  Wet dunes, meadows and maquis      

 

 

90

   Orchis ovalis (Delforge)

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Orchis ovalis

  Distribution: South Europe

  Flowering period: May till July

  Habitat: mountains; clay soil, open woods, thicket

 

 

91

  Orchis papilionacea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Butterfly Orchid

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: April, May

  Habitat:  Open fields.     

  Orchis papilionacea

  ssp. expansa

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Great butterfly orchid

  Distribution: Sicily, Spain and Greece

  Flowering period: April, May

  Habitat: warm, protected fields

  Ochis papilionacea

  ssp. rubra

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

                      Red butterfly Orchid

  Distribution: South Italy, Corsica, Sicily, Joegoslavia

  Flowering period: April, May

  Habitat: nutrient-poor meadows

 

 

92

  Orchis pauciflora

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Orchis pauciflora

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: April and May

  Habitat:  meadows and open woods

 

 

93

  Orchis provincialis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Provence orchid

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: April and May

  Habitat:  limestone hillside meadows and open forests

 

 

94

  Orchis purpurea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Lady Orchid

  Distribution: Europe except Holland and Belgium

  Flowering period: April till June

  Habitat:  calcareous soil, woods and thicker     

 

 

95

   Orchis quadripunctata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Four-spotted Orchid

  Distribution: South Italy, Greece

  Flowering period: April, May

  Habitat:  Calcareous soil, maquis, negelcted orchards.     

 

 

96

  Orchis sancta

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                        Holy Orchid

  Distribution: Eastern Greek isles, Turkey, Libanon, Syria Israel

  Flowering period: end April, May, June

  Habitat:  Everywhere, light shadow     

 

 

97

  Orchis simia

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                      Monkey Orchid

  Distribution: Central and South Europ, rare in Holland

  Flowering period: end March(South) till start June (North)

  Habitat:  Chalk hillside grasslands, open forests and maquis

 

 

98

  Orchis tridentata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Three-toothed Orchid

  Distribution: Central Europe and Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: April till June

  Habitat:  thicker, hillside grasslands and edges of forests.

  Orchis tridentata ssp.commutata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

               Three-toothed orchid ssp. commutata

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: April till June

  Habitat: thicker, hillside grasslands and forest-edges.

 

 

99

  Orchis ustulata

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                          Burned Orchid

  Distribution: Europe, except the North

  Flowering period: April till August

  Habitat:  Calcareous highlands and alms

 

 

 

 

                  End Orchis

 

100

   Platanthera bifolia

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Lesser butterfly-orchid

  Distribution: Europe, rare in Holland

  Flowering period: May till August

  Habitat:  Grasslands, thicker and forests

 

 

101

  Platanthera chlorantha

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Greater butterfly-orchid

  Distribution: Europe, rare in Holland

  Flowering period: May till August

  Habitat: calcareous hillside graslands, thicker and forests     

 

 

 

     SERAPIAS

 

102

  Serapias bergonii

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Serapias bergonii

  Distribution: Italy, Greece, Turkey and Cyprus

  Flowering period: Early April till May

  Habitat:  Maquis, meadows and wasteland

 

 

103

  Serapias cordigera

  Plant

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Serapias cordigera

  Distribution: Europe, except the north

  Flowering period: End March till May

  Biotoop: Maquis, meadows and forests

 

 

104

  Serapias parviflora

  Plant

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                 Small-flowered tongue-orchid

  Distribution: West and mid Mediterranean

  Flowering period: April and May

  Biotoop: Maquis, meadows, forests

 

 

 

105

   Serapias neglecta

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                   Scarce tongue-orchid

  Distribution: Italian and French Riviera, Corsica, Sicily and South Italy

  Flowering period: end March till early May

  Habitat:  slope graslands and open forests

 

 

106

  Serapias vomeracea

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                 Long-lipped serapias

  Distribution: Mediterranean area

  Flowering period: End March till start June

  Habitat:  Maquis, meadows and open forests

 

 

 

 

                End Serapias

 

107

  Spiranthes aestivalis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Summer lady's-tresses

 Distribution: Mid, but especially South Europe.

 Flowering period: July and August

 Habitat:  Wet moors and meadows.

 

 

108

  Spiranthes romanzoffiana

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                       Irish Lady's-tresses

  Distribution: Ireland, Brittany, Netherlands, US.

  Flowering period: July and August

  Habitat: swamps, wet meadows.

 

 

 

109

  Spiranthes spiralis

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                     Autumn lady's-tresses

 Distribution: From the Iberian peninsula to Poland, Carpathians.

 Flowering period: June till August

 Habitat:  Full sun, nutrientpoor grasslands, mountain meadows and swamps.   

 

 

110

  Traunsteinera globosa

  Plant

  Spike

  Flower  frontal

  Flower  sideways

                    Round Headed Orchid

  Distribution: Central Europ and more South.

  Flowering period: May till July

  Habitat: wet mountain meadows above 400 m.

 

UNDER CONSTRUCTION

 

 

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